Mechelen

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Arms of Belgium
Heraldry of the World
Civic Heraldry of Belgium - Belgische Gemeentewapens / Armorial de Belgique
Wapen van België

MECHELEN

Province : Antwerpen
Additions : 1977 Heffen, Hombeek, Leest, Muizen, Walem

Mechelen.jpg

Official blazon

  • (1810) D'or à trois pals de gueules, franc quartier des villes de seconde classe qui est d'azur à dextre chargé d'un N d'or, surmonté d'une étoile rayonnant du même, brochant au neuvième de l'écu.
  • (1819) Van goud beladen met 3 roode palen, op de middelste een schildje mede van goud beladen met een zwarte arend gekeerd ter linker zijde, het schild gedekt met een kroon van goud.
  • (1841) Eenen gulden schild met dry roode staeken, waerop, goud met eenen zwarten arens met uytgestrekte vleugels, wines tong, bek, beenen en kroon van roode kleur, den schild gedekt met eenen helm, op zyde staende, waerop eene graflyke kroon; helmsieraed, eenen gulden draeck daeruyt opspringend met roode tong en oogen, rustende op twee gulden griffioenen met roode tanden en tong; gulden en roode helmdekken, alles rustende op een gulden lint met de spreuk in zwarte letters 'In fide constans'.
  • (1986) In goud drie palen van keel; hartschild: in goud een adelaar van sabel. Het schild getopt met een kroon van goud met dertien parels, waarvan drie verheven, en gehouden door twee griffioenen van goud, geklauwd en getongd van keel, het geheel rustend op een lint van goud met de spreuk IN TROUWEN VAST in letters van sabel.

Origin/meaning

The arms were granted on October 7, 1986 and replaced older arms granted on December 18, 1841, October 6, 1819 and December 16, 1810.

The arms are the arms of the Estate and County of Mechelen. The arms with the red pales are those of the Berthout family, Lords of Mechelen in the 12th and 13th century. In 1490 Emperor Frederic III granted the city the use of an escutcheon with the imperial eagle.

Mechelen1490.jpg

The arms from 1490 (source)
Wapen van Mechelen

The arms in 1562

On the seal of the city, dating from the same year, the new arms are shown, with two griffins as supporters. These are the supporters of the Habsburg family, who were Emperors of the Holy Roman Empire. The motto was also added in the late 15th century.

The dragon crest is probably derived from the arms of the Kingdom of Aragon, which also showed red pales in gold (see for the crest the province of Valencia, in Spain), but which had nothing to do with the city. In the new arms the helmet and crest were replaced by a crown of a Count, for the historical County of Mechelen.

Mechelen1638.jpg

The arms in: Hendrik van Huldenberghe, "Geboorte-linie ofte geslachts afcompste der Heeren Vooghden van Mechelen", 1638
(source)

In the 16th and 17th century the eagle in the escutcheon was often shown with two heads, but these were never officially used.

Napoleon granted arms to Mechelen in 1810, showing the shield with the pales, but instead of the eagle, a free canton with a crowned N, the symbol of cities of the Second Class.


Mechelenn.jpg

The arms from 1810
Mechelenn1.jpg

The diploma from 1810 (source)

In 1819 the arms were granted without the supporter, which was added in 1841. In 1986 the crest was replaced by a crown.

The arms of 1841 showed the a crest with a golden dragon. The arms also used the motto 'In fide constans' The present arms show two griffins as supporters and the translation of the motto in Dutch, 'In trouwen vast'.

Mechelen1.jpg

The arms from 1819
center350 px
The arms from 1841


Wapen van/Blason de Mechelen

The arms in the Koffie Hag/Café Hag albums +/- 1930
Mechelen.brh.jpg

The arms in the Broodhuis, Brussels
Wapen van/Blason de Mechelen

Police badges of Mechelen (source)


Powered by Onecom.jpg

Literature : Anonymous : Van evers en heiligen - wapens en vlaggen van de gemeenten in de provincie Antwerpen. Antwerpen, 1998. Main image © Philippe Pille; Viane-Awouters and Warlop, 2002.


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