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Heraldry of the World
The main resource for civic heraldry since 1996 with 167,840 images

TURKEY - Türkiye Cumhuriyeti

Turkey.jpg Turkey-flag.gif Turkey-location.jpg
The National Emblem of Turkey The National Flag Location

Administrative division

Turkey is subdivided into 81 provinces for administrative purposes. Each province is divided into districts, for a total of 923 districts.

Heraldry of Turkey

Turkey does not have a heraldic tradition. I have no information on the use of any heraldic arms in the country.

National Emblem

Since the creation of the Turkish State in 1923 the country has not used arms, only the above emblem.

The predecessor, the Ottoman Empire also did not use proper heraldic arms, but used the composition below, which was officially adopted on April 17, 1882.

Arms of the Ottoman Empire

The composition shows the tughra, the symbol of the Sultans. It is surrounded by two flags: the red flag of the Ottoman dynasty with a star and crescent, and the green flag of the Islamic caliph, largely obscured by a cornucopia.

Behind the flags are a number of spears and other weapons, scales and a book for justice as well as an anchor and torch. The sun behind it all shows the name of the country and a green crescent.

Hanging beneath the symbol are the medals of five of the Ottoman decorations, the Şefkat Nişanı, Osmani Nişanı, İmtiyaz Nişanı, Mecidiye Nişanı, and İftihar Nişanı.

Arms of Turkey

The Ottoman arms on a coin from 1912 (image from auction site)

The use in collector's items has shown different variations of the arms with crescent and star, but the Ottoman arms I have never encountered:

Arms of Turkey

The arms on a US tobacco card +/- 1887
Arms of Turkey

The arms on a US tobacco card +/- 1910
Arms of Turkey

The arms on a Dutch postcard +/- 1910
Arms of Turkey

The arms on a tobacco card from Uruguay +/- 1914
Arms of Turkey

The arms in the Continentale Verlags-Anstalt album, +/- 1910
Arms of Turkey

The arms on a UK tobacco card 1912
Arms of Turkey

The arms on a Danish card (+/- 1910)
Arms of Turkey

The arms on a UK tobacco card 1907
Blason de Turkey

The arms in the Abadie albums +/-1935
Arms of Turkey

The arms on a Dutch matchbox label +/- 1950
Arms of Turkey

The arms on a Dutch card +/- 1950

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